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Research study by Gorg Mallia in which fourth-grade students were given three versions (text-only, illustrated text, and comics) of a Maltese history text. Results: Recall of content of the comics treatment was very close to that of the illustrated text treatment, and both fared better than the text-only treatment. Interviews indicate that the sequence, aided by the character treatment, helped associative retention in ways that the stepped pictures of illustration might not do.
This is an external resource which can be accessed here: http://www.english.ufl.edu/imagetext/archives/v3_3/mallia/index.shtml